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Learn Carnatic Flute | Ramadasu Keerthanas | Volume 3

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Kancharla Gopanna popularly usually known as Bhakta Ramadasu or Bhadrachala Ramadasu was a Seventeenth-century devotee of the Hindu god Rama, a saint-poet and a composer of Carnatic music. He’s a widely known Vaggeyakara (classical composer)[a] from the Telugu classical interval. He was born inside the village of Nelakondapalli in Khammam district, and orphaned as a teen. He spent his later years in Bhadrachalam and 12 years in solitary confinement on the Golconda jail via the Qutb Shahi-rule. Completely completely different legendary tales about his life movement into inside the Telugu customized. He’s renowned for establishing the well-known Sita Ramachandraswamy Temple and pilgrimage center on the banks of river Godavari at Bhadrachalam. His devotional kirtana lyrics to Rama illustrate the classical Pallavi, Anupallavi and Caranam type composed largely in Telugu, some in Sanskrit and with occasional use of Tamil language. These are well-known in South Indian classical music as Ramadaasu Keertanalu. He influenced later composers such as a result of the doyen of South Indian classical music and bhakti movement saint Tyagaraja. His songs proceed to be sung on the Sita Ramachandraswamy Temple in Bhadrachalam.

Ramadasu was a Sri Vaishnava. Ramadasu was a creator of Telugu satakams. He wrote the Daasarathi Satakamu with a ‘makuTamu” Daasarathee Karunaa payonidhee’, a set of virtually 108 poems dedicated to Rama.

Adolescence and background

Kancherla Gopanna (Goparaju), later usually known as Bhakta Ramadasu, was born in a fairly properly to do Telugu speaking Niyogi Brahmin family to Linganna Mantri and Kamamba in Nelakondapalli village inside the Khammam District of Telangana. He was orphaned inside the youngsters, triggering an impoverished life, sustained by singing bhakti songs to Rama and gathering rice door to door. His life story has been largely reconstructed from poems he composed or is assumed to have composed, the place there’s a degree out of events of his life. As an example, one bhakti monitor mentions Narayanadasulu, a time interval linked to the Narayana mantra, is believed to be linked to Sri Vaishnavism guru Raghunatha Bhattacharya, who initiated him as a boy into the Dasarathi customized. These and completely different hagiographic accounts current in Yakshagana or Harikatha compilations present him as a boy-prodigy with an impulsively creative ideas composing lyrics on the Hindu god Rama.

His maternal uncles had been the Madanna and Akkanna brothers. They’d helped Abul Hasan Qutb Shah (Tana Shah) purchase power after the demise of Abdullah Qutb Shah in 1672, Tana Shah’s father-in-law. As reward for his or her supplies assist all through a interval of power battle with Aurangzeb and the Mughal Empire, the brothers had been appointed ministers on the courtroom of Tana Shah of the Qutb Shahi dynasty in Kingdom of Golconda. They helped their orphaned nephew Gopanna. Previous this, little is known about his early life and much is shrouded in mythistory created by the later hagiographic customized. He’s talked about to have found Telugu, Sanskrit, Kannada, Persian, and Urdu.

Career

In 1650, Gopanna traveled to Hyderabad to meet his maternal uncles, who had been in the mean time working inside the tax division of Golconda Sultanate under the minister Mirza Mohammed Sayyad. They persuaded the minister to supply a job to their nephew Gopanna. Mirza Mohammed Sayyad appointed Gopanna in tax assortment division in Bhadrachalam, the place the temple dedicated to Rama already existed.

A definite mannequin of his career is current in Ramadasu Charitra, a hagiographic Telugu textual content material. It states that sometime after 1672, Ramadasu in his early 50s, was appointed as a result of the tahsildar (tax collector) of ‘Palvoncha Paragana’ by Akkanna, his uncle, who was then a minister and the manager head inside the courtroom of Qutub Shahi Sultan Abul Hassan Tana Shah.

There are contradictory tales about his life after he turned the tehsildar and led the tax assortment actions at Bhadrachalam. All these tales share a typical theme – he gathering Jizya spiritual tax from Hindus in Bhadrachalam area, he reconstructing or developing anew the famed huge Rama temple of Bhadrachalam, partly with donations and partly with tax he had collected for the Golconda Sultanate, his arrest on costs of fraud and misuse of the taxes, he spending 12 years in solitary confinement in Golconda jail the place he composed poems for the Hindu god Rama, his launch and return to Bhadrachalam. In some mannequin, god Rama and his brother Lakshmana reappear on earth and pay the ransom demanded by Golconda Sultanate for his launch. In several variations, the Sultan under assault from Aurangzeb forces and going via imminent collapse, opens a model new trial, finds him innocent and acquits him. The varied accounts are found inside the info of the Dutch East India agency, the temple’s hagiography, and the regional Telugu oral traditions. Two Telugu movies current additional creative variations of his career and events, as soon as extra with utterly completely different and conflicting accounts.

Reconstruction of temple

As quickly as, Ramadasu visited Bhadrachalam for a Jatara (truthful) and was disturbed by the dilapidated state of the Rama temple there. Bhadrachalam is essential to devotees of Rama for lots of causes. Lord Rama stayed near the Parnasala there with Sita and Lakshmana all through his exile and likewise visited Shabari near Bhadrachalam (although it’s believed that Shabari used to reside near Kishkindha, the dominion of Vanaras in Ramayana which is believed to be near Hampi ). Pothana is believed to have been given path by Rama to translate the Bhagavata Purana into Telugu proper right here. Regardless of its significance, the temple was completely neglected. So, Ramadasu started to elevate funds for the renovation and reconstruction of the temple. After he emptied his coffers and can improve no more money, the villagers appealed him to spend his revenue collections for the reconstruction and promised to repay the amount after harvesting crops. As such, Ramadas accomplished the reconstruction of the temple with 600 thousand rupees collected from land revenues – with out the permission of the Abul Hasan Qutb Shah.

As a result of the temple was nearing completion, he was perplexed one night about fixing the Sudarshana Chakra on the crest of the precept temple. On the similar night, it’s believed that he observed Rama in his dream and requested him to have a holy dip inside the Godavari River. When Gopanna did so the next day, it’s believed that he found the holy Sudarshana Chakra inside the river very merely.

Compositions

Ramadasu is probably going one of many bhakti movement poet-saints of Hinduism, and a revered composer inside the Carnatic music customized. His compositions are largely kirtan type, all centered on the Hindu god Rama of the Ramayana fame. He’s most recognized for his pallavi, anupallavi and caranam compositions in Telugu and some in Sanskrit. His musical mudras vary and are remembered by his establish or his favorite place Bhadrachalam; as an illustration, Ramadas, Bhadrachalavasa, Bhadradri, Bhadragiri, Bhadrasyla and others. His compositions had been widespread in his days, and influenced many into the fashionable age. This consists of Tyagaraja who devoted 5 of his private compositions in reward of Ramadasu, with one equating him to figures such as a result of the Narada muni and bhakta Prahlada, legendary and much beloved personalities in Hinduism.

He composed Dasarathi Satakam, a bhakti poem with didactic metric mannequin whose traces and stanzas are generally sung or shared inside the regional Telugu customized.Nonetheless, identical to the works of many poet-saints and philosophers on the Indian subcontinent, it’s unclear which of the poems attributed to Ramadasu had been authentically composed by him. There are six compilations named after Ramadasu, 4 of which can be all known as Ramadasu Charitra, one known as Bhadrachala Ramadasu and one different known as Bhakta Ramadasu. These are inside the kind of a Yakshagana or Harikatha about Ramadasu and his songs. They’re from six authors – Yadavadasu, Singaridasu, Krishnadasu, Ayyagiri Veerbhadra Rao, Balaji Dasu, and Pentapati Rao. Many comprise between 100 and 108, nevertheless one has 137 songs attributed to Ramadasu. Taken collectively, a whole of 190 utterly completely different compositions have been attributed to him, with one essential model attributing 37 songs sooner than he was arrested by Islamic authorities, 64 whereas he was held in jail for 12 years, and 31 songs inside the final years after his launch. Thus, 132 songs are susceptible to have been composed by Ramadasu. Further, a notable attribute of Ramadasu’s compositions is his info and his use of ragas from every South Indian colleges (20 ragas) and North Indian colleges (17 ragas), thereby uniting the two classical musical traditions.

  • Ramachandraya Janaka Rajaaja Manohara in Kurinji

  • Tarakamantramu in Dhanyasi

  • Ye Teeruga Nanu in Nadanamakriya

  • Adigo Bhadradri in Varali

  • Anta Ramamayam in Darbari Kannada

  • Charanamulae Nammidhi in Kapi

  • Rama Ra Ra in Kamas

  • Dasharatha Rama Govindha in Kamas

  • O Rama ni namamu in Poorvi Kalyani

  • Paluke bangara mayena in Ananda Bhairavi


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